COAH – a State agency – has for years failed to establish legally valid rules and numeric obligations for affordable housing since the Round Two regulations expired in 1999.  There have been years of court battles between the competing interests, including affordable housing advocates, the real estate developers’ lobby, municipalities and COAH itself, over how the rules should be formulated and the methodology by which the local obligations should be established.  However, in March of 2015, the Supreme Court, after ordering COAH numerous times to establish legally acceptable rules, determined, in essence, that COAH had stopped doing its job.  The March 2015 Order therefore stripped COAH of any of its administrative powers and returned to the trial courts the responsibility of determining the methods, affordable housing obligations, and each municipality’s compliance with its constitutional obligation to provide for the development of affordable housing.