Coyotes are members of the dog family and closely resemble a small German Shepherd with the exception of their long snout and bushy black- tipped tail. A noticeable difference from a domestic dog is that they have the habit of holding its tail in horizontal position or lower. They can range in colors from blonde, red and black.
- Coyotes primarily hunt for rodents and rabbits for food but will take advantage of whatever is available, including garbage, pet food and domestic animals that are available. Allowing access to human food and garbage is irresponsible and can lead to problems. Attacks on humans are extremely rare. In general, Coyotes are very wary of humans.
Reducing conflicts with coyotes
- Never feed a coyote. Deliberately feeding coyotes puts pets and other residents in the neighborhood at risk.
- Feeding pet cats and/or feral (wild) cats outdoors can attract coyotes. The coyotes feed on the pet food and also prey on cats.
- Put garbage in tightly closed container that cannot be tipped over.
- Remove sources of water.
- Put away bird feeders at night to avoid attracting rodents and other coyote prey.
- Provide secure enclosures for rabbits, poultry and other farm animals.
- Pick up fallen fruit and compost piles
- Although extremely rare, coyotes have been known to attack humans. Parents should monitor their children, even in familiar surroundings such as backyards.
- Install motion sensitive lighting around the house.
- Clear brush and dense weeds from around dwellings- this reduces protective cover for coyotes and makes the area less attractive to rodents and rabbits. Coyotes as well as other predators are attracted to areas where rodents concentrated like woodpiles.
- If coyotes are present, make sure they know they are not welcome. Make loud noises, blast a canned air siren, throw rocks or spray them with a garden hose.
For further information please see the NJDEP website http://www.nj.gov/dep/fgw/coyote_info.htm
If you observe a coyote in the daytime that show no fear of humans or is attacking a person, immediately contact Montvale Police and the Division of Fish and Wildlife at 908 735-8793, outside of normal business hours call the DEP Hotline at 877-Warn-DEP.